Ransomware Research

About Zeppelin

Zeppelin

Zeppelin was first discovered in November 2019 in enterprise cloud environments. Zeppelin is found in environments with a number of different names, including Buran-Zeppelin, etc. For a full list of all names, please see below.

Name Zeppelin
AKA
  • Buran-Zeppelin
First Seen November 2019

Genealogy

To better understand Zeppelin, we can trace it’s origins. Below is a snapshot of Zeppelin’s genealogy.

Buran » Zeppelin
Targeting

Behavior of Zeppelin

Zeppelin is known to target specific file types. Below are all known file types that Zeppelin is known to infect.

In some cases, ransomware will update the modified date, when it encrypts files. Zeppelin resets the last modified date of the file it targets.

Learn More

Characteristics of Zeppelin

Here are some of the unique characteristics that are helpful to know about Zeppelin.

Suffixes

Some ransomware will change or append a suffix to the end of the file after they are encrypted, including changing the extension of a file. Here are some of the possible suffixes that Zeppelin ransomware is known to change.

Suffixes.zeppelin, /.[A-F0-9]{3}-[A-F0-9]{3}-[A-F0-9]{3}$/, .kikiriki, .payfast500, .payfast290, .@payfast500, /.@KUKANOSSOSANOS.[A-F0-9]{3}-[A-F0-9]{3}-[A-F0-9]{3}$/

Ransomware Notes

Not all ransomware leaves a note. However, some ransomware leaves the infected party instructions on what the user should do to get rid of the ransomware, or satisfy the ransom. This often involves transferring money, often bitcoin or another cryptocurrency to a designated wallet.

Below are the type(s) of notes, content, and typical locations where Elastio has found ransom notes from Zeppelin.

Typefile
File Namereadme.txt
Typefile
File Name!!! ALL YOUR FILES ARE ENCRYPTED !!!.TXT
LocationEveryFolder
Typefile
File NameWarning!.txt
LocationEveryFolder
Typefile
File NameRECOVERY DATA INFORMATION.TXT

Executables

These are the names of the executables that contain the undetonated ransomware payload for Zeppelin.

Executablesiexplore.exe, GOOGLECRASHHANDLER.EXE, NisSrv.exe, MFEVTPS.EXE, firefox.exe, av.exe, ShellExperienceHost.exe, zeppelin.exe, 1767D234-B440-8A0A-8098-4692C8B2B5A8_unlocker.exe, oxfordnew.exe, on.exe, hhhhhh.bin, smss.exe, TrustedInstaller.exe, logo2.exe, trustedinstaller.exe, zeppelin.bin, svchost.exe, fgnsnfgsfgsn, gnfsnfgn, 234561.exe, spoolsv.exe, 044, services.exe, 02-20_80.85.153.238_61506482DDD28756E443B3DE05A3B1CF_Aksip.exe, Aksip.exe, explorer.exe, 4LYY3VHO.exe, taskeng.exe, lsass.exe, March, 4.scr, mWfJm, 6378.exe, bced.exe, RL2GQ2VC24A5T5AXZYY4C9MWQ2.bdq.00000000_BITDEFENDER.out, LilDroidSoftwareload.exe, file168_svchost.exe, pattern.exe, csrss.exe

External Pages

Ransomware often links to external pages such as payment pages, telegram contacts, etc. Below are some of the URLs Elastio has found to be associated with Zeppelin.

External Pages
  • mailto:zeppelindecrypt@420blaze.it
  • mailto:zeppelin_helper@tuta.io
  • mailto:zeppelin_decrypt@xmpp.jp
  • mailto:buratino@firemail.cc
  • mailto:buratino2@tutanota.com
  • mailto:buratin@torbox3uiot6wchz.onion
  • mailto:angry_war@protonmail.ch
  • mailto:cheet0s_de@protonmail.com
  • mailto:pringls_us@protonmail.com
  • mailto:helpservis@horsefucker.org
  • mailto:ret3pwn@gmail.com
  • mailto:cheot0s_de@protonmail.com
  • mailto:puljaipopre1981@protonmail.com
  • mailto:viomukinam1978@protonmail.com
  • mailto:onlinebigbrotheriswatchingyou@protonmail.com
  • mailto:onlinebigbrotheriswatchingyou@tutanota.com
  • mailto:msupport2019@protonmail.com
  • mailto:msupport@elude.in
  • mailto:sambrero@tfwno.gf
  • mailto:dupsano@cock.lu
  • mailto:mattcohn@tutanota.com
  • mailto:brucecohn88@protonmail.com
  • mailto:unlocking2020@protonmail.ch
  • mailto:burlocker2020@tuta.io
  • mailto:runlocker@protonmail.com
  • mailto:ranlock@keemail.me
  • mailto:cluff_sarah@aol.com
  • mailto:restmefast@tutanota.com
  • mailto:helpservise@mail2tor.com
  • mailto:helpservise@ctemplar.com
  • mailto:recovery2020@cock.li
  • mailto:yesbay@protonmail.com
  • mailto:wiruxa@airmail.cc
  • mailto:anygrishevich@yandex.ru
  • mailto:uspex1@cock.li
  • mailto:uspex2@cock.li
  • mailto:china.helper@aol.com
  • mailto:regina4hgoregler@gmx.com
  • mailto:pansymarquis@yahoo.com
  • mailto:filescrps@protonmail.ch
  • mailto:filescrp@420blaze.it
  • mailto:filescrp@yandex.ru
  • mailto:helpservisee@ctemplar.com
  • mailto:helpservisee@cock.li
  • mailto:rootiunik@cock.li
  • mailto:timothycrabtree@protonmail.com
  • mailto:helpoperator2@protonmail.com
  • mailto:helpoperator@firemail.cc
  • mailto:helpoperator@thesecure.biz
  • mailto:udacha123@mail2tor.com
  • mailto:payfast500@mail2tor.com
  • mailto:payfast290@mail2tor.com
  • mailto:payransom500@mail2tor.com
  • mailto:goodday@privatemail.com
  • mailto:kukanossosanos@onionmail.org
  • icq:@KUKANOSSOSANOS
  • telegram:t.me/Albroudy
  • telegram:@uspex2
  • telegram:@udacha123yes
  • telegram:@payfast500
  • telegram:@payfast290
  • telegram:@payransom500
  • mailto:kd8eby0@inboxhub.net
  • mailto:kd8eby0@onionmail.org
  • mailto:kd8eby0@nuke.africa
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