Ransomware Research

About Cerber

Cerber

Cerber was first discovered in February 2016 in enterprise cloud environments.

Name Cerber
First Seen February 2016

Genealogy

To better understand Cerber, we can trace it’s origins. Below is a snapshot of Cerber’s genealogy.

Cerber » Cerber 2
Targeting

Behavior of Cerber

Cerber is known to target specific file types. Below are all known file types that Cerber is known to infect.

In some cases, ransomware will update the modified date, when it encrypts files. Cerber updates the last modified date of the file it targets.

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Characteristics of Cerber

Here are some of the unique characteristics that are helpful to know about Cerber.

Suffixes

Some ransomware will change or append a suffix to the end of the file after they are encrypted, including changing the extension of a file. Here are some of the possible suffixes that Cerber ransomware is known to change.

Suffixes.cerber, .cerber2

Ransomware Notes

Not all ransomware leaves a note. However, some ransomware leaves the infected party instructions on what the user should do to get rid of the ransomware, or satisfy the ransom. This often involves transferring money, often bitcoin or another cryptocurrency to a designated wallet.

Below are the type(s) of notes, content, and typical locations where Elastio has found ransom notes from Cerber.

Typefile
File Name# DECRYPT MY FILES #.html
LocationEveryFolder
Typefile
File Name# DECRYPT MY FILES #.txt
LocationEveryFolder
Typefile
File Name# DECRYPT MY FILES #.url
LocationEveryFolder
Typefile
File Name# DECRYPT MY FILES #.vbs
LocationEveryFolder

Executables

These are the names of the executables that contain the undetonated ransomware payload for Cerber.

Executablesinstnm.exe, xwizard.exe, waitfor.exe, 1.exe, cerber_payload.exe, 2016-0-neutrino.mem.exe, icardagt.exe, cmdkey.exe, ReAgentc.exe, lodctr.exe, IBxpv.exe

External Pages

Ransomware often links to external pages such as payment pages, telegram contacts, etc. Below are some of the URLs Elastio has found to be associated with Cerber.

External Pages
  • http://cerberhhyed5frqa.azwsxe.win
  • http://cerberhhyed5frqa.werti4.win
  • http://cerberhhyed5frqa.nerti5.win
  • http://cerberhhyed5frqa.m5gid4.win
  • http://cerberhhyed5frqa.workju.win
  • http://decrypttozxybarc.onion
How Elastio can help

Don’t let ransomware
take over your data.

Elastio is a cloud-native data resilience platform on AWS, providing robust security and assuring the recoverability of critical data in cloud environments.


Elastio protects data from ransomware and malware evading perimeter defenses and mitigates downtime, data loss, and reputational harm for businesses.

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